In Sopkarga mammoth bones, found more than 600 kilometers north of the Arctic Circle, brands have found “unequivocally” tools created by man.
Researchers from St. Petersburg, Russia, were surprised during the analysis of the bones of a mammoth found in the polar station Sopkarga, where they found signs of hunting weapons made by humans. If until recently it was believed that the human presence in the Siberian Arctic dating back to 30,000-35,000 years, this finding forward his arrival in about 10,000 years.
A boy of 11 years of the Russian region of Krasnoyarsk, Yevgeny Salinder found in 2011 the remains of the mammoth fragments of skin, flesh, fat and even some organs in good condition. The animal received on behalf of ‘Zhenya’ (diminutive of Russian Evgueni), after the boy who found him, although its official name is ‘mammoth Sopkarga’.
The scientists, led by Vladimir Pitúlko, the Institute of History of Material Culture of the Academy of Sciences of Russia, have published their research in the journal Science.
Researchers believe that prehistoric hunters used the same tactics that African tribes hunt with elephants.
First they hurled against animal numerous small spears, causing a loss of blood, and then the throwing and heavy, forcing the fall of the animal, when it struck at the base of the trunk.
“People who hunted mammoths in Siberia 45,000 years ago, they used the same tactics. We found a zygomatic bone damage specifically caused by a blow of this kind,” said Pitúlko.